Therapeutic Models of Medicine

Washington, D.C. - Initiative 59

Congress tries to suspend medical marijuana election in District of Columbia

Selected Text from the FY 1999 Omnibus Appropriations Bill
"It is the sense of Congress that the several States, and the citizens of such States, should reject the legalization of drugs through legislation, ballot proposition, constitutional amendment, or any other means..."
(this is a federal appropriations bill for the whole country and is distinct from the DC appropriations bill and the Barr Amendment).

Cannabis-related Ballot Initiatives and Referenda
to be voted on in the November 3, 1998 General Election
Compiled by Colorado Citizens for Compassionate Cannabis
October 10, 1998

Several initiatives will appear on the ballot this year in various states.  Voters in Alaska, Colorado, Nevada, Oregon, Washington, D.C. and Washington State will be decide on the issue of medicinal cannabis.  Additionally, voters in Oregon will decide on a referendum to block the recriminalization of marijuana.  Voters in Arizona will decide on a referendum to block the gutting of the Proposition 200, the Drug Medicalization, Prevention, and Control Act, passed by 65% of Arizona voters in 1996.

Medicinal Cannabis Initiatives (to be voted on 11/3/98)
Washington DC: Initiative 59
These initiatives need to be divided into two different models for allowing use of cannabis by patients.

1) Therapeutic Model (Washington D.C. and Washington State)
These initiatives were modeled on the ideas embodied in the California Compassionate Use Act (CCUA - Prop. 215) passed by California voters in 1996.  These initiatives were written by the local grassroots patients and patient advocates and put the needs of the patient first.

2) Law Enforcement Model (Alaska, Colorado, Oregon and Nevada)
These initiatives were written by Americans for Medical Rights to appease law enforcement concerns about the CCUA.  Since this model diverges so greatly from the California model, many patients have serious concerns about these initiatives.

We asked four questions about each initiative:
1) Does the initiative allow patients to possess and cultivate an adequate supply of medicine?
The City Council of Oakland, California, adopted a standard of six pounds of cannabis and 144 plants as necessary to maintain an adequate supply for patients.  This was based on the amount of cannabis currently supplied by the federal government to eight patients in the Investigative New Drug program.

2) Does the initiative allow for legal distribution to patients?
Legal distribution is important to protect patients from having to obtain their medicine from the black market.

3) Does the initiative protect patients who are not registered with the state?
Many of the initiatives that follow the law enforcement model require a patient to register with the state to receive protection of the law.  Many civil libertarians and AIDS patients are concerned that the confidentiality of the registry is not guaranteed and that law enforcement would use the registry to target medicinal cannabis users for harrassment.

4) Is the initiative a constitutional or statutory law?
Constitutional amendments are much harder to change than statutory laws are.


Washington DC: Initiative 59
"Legalization of Marijuana for Medical Treatment Initiative of 1998"

Sponsors: Yes on 59 Campaign, Wayne Turner
409 H Street, NE Suite 1
Washington, D.C. 20002-4335
Phone: 202-547-9404

Text of Initiative 59:

Allows patients to possess and cultivate an adequate supply? YES, I 59 allows patients to possess a sufficient quantity of marijuana to assure that they can maintain their medical supply without any interruption in their treatment or depletion of their medical supply of marijuana.

Allows for distribution to patients? YES.

Protects patients who are not registered with the state? YES.

Constitutional or Statutory? Statutory.

DC Board of Elections

July 6, 1998
AIDS Activists turn in over 32,000 signatures, almost twice as many as the 17,000 needed!!
The D.C. elections board has until August 6 to verify the signatures and officially declare Initiative 59 on the ballot, but it looks very good!
Good work, D.C. !!!!
Send campaign donations now:
Yes on 59 Campaign
409 H Street N.E. Suite #1
Washington, D.C. 20002-4335

Initiative 59:  Steve Michael's final project

Activist Steve Michael Dies (5/25/98)

See updates on the ACT UP - Initiative 59 Web page
Text of the initiative: "Marijuana for Medical Treatment Initiative of 1998"
  Get involved now!!!
Yes on 59 CAMPAIGN
Wayne Turner
409 H Street, NE Suite 1
Washington, D.C. 20002-4335
Phone: 202-547-9404
DONATIONS should be made to the Yes on 59 Campaign

Background on ACT UP - D.C. Campaign
ACT UP - Initiative 59 Web page

Initiative 59 is the only game in town - AMR should leave D.C.
DC's 57 not subject to California court restriction: ACT UP written initiative allows "not-for-profit" corporations to provide marijuana to those with serious illnesses, ACT UP Press Release, December 14, 1997

"Over my dead body" states 1-57 Sponsor Michael: California firm, AMR, admits plans to run own Initiative in DC

"A small, shivering army fights for medicinal pot", The Washington Times, December 8, 1997

"Marijuana Petitions Turned In -- D.C. Vote Sought On Medical Use", Washington Post, December 9, 1997

The Law Enforcement Model:  AMR in DC

    Americans for Medical Rights has sponsored a competing initiative in Washington, D.C.  ACT UP strongly resents AMR interfering in their local politics.

AMR lies about status of D.C. initiatives

Help get AMR out of D.C.


The Therapeutic Model of Medicine
The Law Enforcement Model of Medicine

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